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border

The border property is a shorthand syntax in CSS that accepts multiple values for drawing a line around the element it is applied to.

.box {
  border: 3px solid red;
  height: 200px;
  width: 200px;
}

Values

The border property accepts one or more of the following values in combination:

border:  <border-width> || <border-style> || <color>
  • border-width: Specifies the thickness of the border.
    • <length>: A numeric value measured in px, em, rem, vh and vw units.
    • thin: The equivalent of 1px
    • medium: The equivalent of 3px
    • thick: The equivalent of 5px
  • border-style: Specifies the type of line drawn around the element, including:
    • solid: A solid, continuous line.
    • none (default): No line is drawn.
    • hidden: A line is drawn, but not visible. this can be handy for adding a little extra width to an element without displaying a border.
    • dashed: A line that consists of dashes.
    • dotted: A line that consists of dots.
    • double: Two lines are drawn around the element.
    • groove: Adds a bevel based on the color value in a way that makes the element appear pressed into the document.
    • ridge: Similar to groove, but reverses the color values in a way that makes the element appear raised.
    • inset: Adds a split tone to the line that makes the element appear slightly depressed.
    • outset: Similar to inset, but reverses the colors in a way that makes the element appear slightly raised.
  • color: Specifies the color of the border and accepts <rgb()>, <rgba()>, <code><hsl()>, <hsla()>, <hex-color>, <named-color>, currentcolor and <deprecated-system-color>

Phew, that's a lot of values for one little ol' property! Here's a demo that illustrates the differences between all of those style values:

See the Pen CSS border by Geoff Graham (@geoffgraham) on CodePen.

Browser Support

You can count on excellent support for the border property across all browsers.

Chrome Safari Firefox Opera IE Android iOS
Any Any Any 3.5+ 4+ Any Any

Related Properties

What we covered here is specific to the border property, but there are other properties that provide even more options for styling borders.

  • border-collapse: Specifies the spacing between borders on the <table> element.
  • border-image: Allows the use of an image to draw the border instead of a solid color.
  • border-radius: Provides control for rounded corners.

More Information

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