height

The height property in CSS defines specifies the content height of boxes and accepts any of the length values.

The “content” area is defined as the padding and border in addition to the height/width or size the content itself takes up.

Negative values like height: -100px are not accepted. The height property does not apply to non-replaced inline elements including table columns and column groups.

.wrap {
  height: auto;    /* auto keyword */

  height: 120px;   /* length values */
  height: 10em;
  height: 0;       /* unit-less length is OK for zero */

  height: 75%;     /* percentage value */

  height: inherit; /* inherited value from parent element */
}
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If the height of the containing block is not specified explicitly, and the element is not absolutely positioned, the value of its height computes to auto (it will be as tall as the content inside it is, or zero if there is no content). If the elements content portion requires more vertical space than available from the value assigned, the elements behavior is defined by the overflow property.

When using the keyword auto, height is calculated based on the elements content area unless explicitly specified. This means a value based on a percentage is still that of the elements content area. Similarly, if the height of the container is set to a percentage value, a child elements percentage height is still based on the content area of that child element.

Height can also be used as an animatable property.

Related Properties

Other Resources

Browser Support

Chrome Safari Firefox Opera IE Android iOS Opera Mobile IE Phone
Any Any Any Any 7+ Any Any 6.0+ 6.0+

IE7 doesn't support "inherit" as a value.

Comments

  1. User Avatar
    Mikeouwen

    ‘The “content” area is defined as the padding, border and margin of an element’ Is this right?
    I think the content area is defined by width and height properties of an element.

    • User Avatar
      Appu
      Permalink to comment#

      Yup, I am also confused by that statement. I think that wrong or needs to be phrased better.

    • User Avatar
      Colin Q Bang
      Permalink to comment#

      That sentence in the article is obviously a mistake. No one has time to proof-read (or look at comments on years-old articles), and it already got our click-through…

      See https://www.w3.org/TR/CSS21/box.html#box-dimensions
      And a better referencefor “content height” than the url the article links to would be https://www.w3.org/TR/CSS21/visudet.html#the-height-property

      The existence of ‘box-sizing: border-box’ means we can’t unqualifiedly say “content area is defined by (or as) width and height properties…” And anyway “defined as” is not the same as “defined by”. But for the default (equiv to box-sizing: content-box) that’s about good enough. Especially since “content area” doesn’t seem to be defined precisely in the spec., so best to stick with things that are, like height, width, and padding. I don’t know what the author exactly meant to write, but a conceptual definition of “content area” could be “the area inside the padding”.

      :q!

  2. User Avatar
    mike
    Permalink to comment#

    depends on your box-sizing settings in css.

  3. User Avatar
    Archit
    Permalink to comment#

    And how is the height calculated if the height of the containing block is specified and the containing block is absolutely positioned?

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