custom properties

A Strategy Guide To CSS Custom Properties

CSS preprocessor variables and CSS custom properties (often referred to as "CSS variables") can do some of the same things, but are not the same.

Practical advice from Mike Riethmuller:

If it is alright to use static variables inside components, when should we use custom properties? Converting existing preprocessor variables to custom properties usually makes little sense. After all, the reason for custom properties is completely different. Custom properties make sense when we have CSS properties that change relative to a condition in the DOM — especially a dynamic condition such as :focus, :hover, media queries or with JavaScript.

CSS Environment Variables

We were all introduced to the env() function in CSS when all that drama about "The Notch" and the iPhone X was going down. The way that Apple landed on helping us move content away from those "unsafe" areas was to provide us essentially hard-coded variables to use:

padding: 
  env(safe-area-inset-top) 
  env(safe-area-inset-right) 
  env(safe-area-inset-bottom) 
  env(safe-area-inset-left);

Uh ok! Weird! Now, nine months later, an "Unofficial Proposal Draft" for env() has landed. This is how specs work, as I understand it. Sometimes browser vendors push forward with stuff they need, and then it's standardized. It's not always waiting around for standards bodies to invent things and then browser vendors implementing those things.

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What Houdini Means for Animating Transforms

I've been playing with CSS transforms for over five years and one thing that has always bugged me was that I couldn't animate the components of a transform chain individually. This article is going to explain the problem, the old workaround, the new magic Houdini solution and, finally, will offer you a feast of eye candy through better looking examples than those used to illustrate concepts.

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Animating Single Div Art

One thing that single div pieces rarely do is animate. If you can transform your div or one of its pseudo elements, that's fair (as Lynn Fisher does with her fantastic BB-8). But you cannot directly change the opacity or transform of the individual "elements" you create inside your div, since they are not actual DOM elements.

I am a big believer of trying something a little different and interesting to learn tools you otherwise might never learn. Working with the constraints of a single div might not be great for production work, but it can be a great exercise (and challenge) to stretch your skills in a fun way. In that spirit, we'll use this technique to explore how Custom Properties (CSS Variables) work and even provide us a path to animation inside our div.

Simplifying CSS Cubes with Custom Properties

I know there are a ton of pure CSS cube tutorials out there. I've done a few myself. But for mid-2017, when CSS Custom Properties are supported in all major desktop browsers, they all feel... outdated and very WET. I thought I should do something to fix this problem, so this article was born. It's going to show you the most efficient path towards building a CSS cube that's possible today, while also explaining what common, but less than ideal cube coding patterns you should steer clear of. So let's get started!

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The Issue with Preprocessing CSS Custom Properties

CSS has Custom Properties now. We've written about them a bunch lately. Browser support is good, but of course, old non-evergreen browsers like Internet Explorer don't have them and never will. I can see the appeal of authoring with "future CSS", and letting a preprocessor backport it to CSS that is compatible with older browsers. Babel for CSS! Why not?!

It makes me nervous though - because it's only some use cases of Custom Properties that you can preprocess. There are plenty of situations where what you are doing with a Custom Property just isn't possible to preprocesses. So if you do, you're putting yourself in a pretty weird situation.

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