That was years ago, and a concerted effort has been taking place to shift WordPress theme development from “classic” PHP-based templating to a more modular, component-driven model centered on “blocks” for constructing page and post layouts.
Now that we’re starting to see new block-based WordPress themes hit the Theme Directory, many of us who have been developing WordPress themes for years using “classic” PHP templates we’re sitting in some sort of middle-ground between “classic” and “block” themes. Geoff expanded on this feeling in another post, but the general sentiment is that working in WordPress is much different than before.
Where do you even start on a WordPress Block Theme project? That’s what this guide is all about. We could get into the nuances of working with React, but there’s already a good guide for that here on CSS-Tricks as well as tutorials on working with blocks.
Instead, this guide is geared toward block themes and how to configure them. Think of it as an extension to my previous article on managing styles in WordPress block themes. In there, we covered how to define CSS styles in the
theme.json file — the foundation of all WordPress block themes, akin to how
style.css is used in classic themes. We’re going to go deeper in this series, giving
theme.json a proper introduction and documenting how it’s used to manage the appearance of a WordPress site that fully supports full-site editing features.
As it currently stands, finding resources and proper documentation for defining and managing styles in WordPress block themes is a task in and of itself. Unless you keep up with GitHub issues, Gutenberg plugin releases, and Make WordPress Core, you could feel lost in this new WordPress landscape. The WordPress Handbook won’t save you either because it is constantly several steps behind the breakneck speed of development.
So, let’s pull all of that together and learn about managing styles in WordPress block themes.