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Article

Fluid Images in a Variable Proportion Layout

Creating fluid images when they stand alone in a layout is easy enough nowadays. However, with more sophisticated interfaces we often have to place images inside responsive elements, like this card:

For now, let’s say this image is not semantic content, but only decoration. That’s a good use for background-image. And because in this context the image contains an object, we can’t allow any parts to be cropped out when it’s responsive, so we’d pick background-size: contain.

Here’s where … Read article “Fluid Images in a Variable Proportion Layout”

Article

A First Look at `aspect-ratio`

Oh hey! A brand new property that affects how a box is sized! That’s a big deal. There are lots of ways already to make an aspect-ratio sized box (and I’d say this custom properties based solution is the best), but none of them are particularly intuitive and certainly not as straightforward as declaring a single property.

So, with the impending arrival of aspect-ratio (MDN, and not to be confused with the media query version), I thought … Read article “A First Look at `aspect-ratio`”

Article

A Grid of Logos in Squares

Let’s build a literal grid of squares, and we’ll put the logos of some magazines centered inside each square. I imagine plenty of you have had to build a logo grid before. You can probably already picture it: an area of a site that lists the donors, sponsors, or that is showing off all the big fancy companies that use some product. Putting the logos into squares is a decent way of handling it, as it forces some clean structure … Read article “A Grid of Logos in Squares”

Video

#179: A Grid of Squares

Using CSS grid to make a grid, is, well, the whole point. But what if you want all those grid items to maintain an aspect ratio, like a 1:1 square? It’s possible, but it involves a little trickery. In this video, we’ll look at doing that because we want to put a logo, centered, in each square.

One of the final demos:

CodePen Embed Fallback… Read article “#179: A Grid of Squares”
Article

Fluid Width Video

IN A WORLD of responsive and fluid layouts on the web, ONE MEDIA TYPE stands in the way of perfect harmony: video. There are lots of ways in which video can be displayed on your site. You might be self-hosting the video and presenting it via the HTML5 <video tag. You might be using YouTube, Vimeo, or some other video provider that provides <iframe code to display videos. Let’s cover how to make them all fluid width while maintaining an … Read article “Fluid Width Video”

Article

Do This to Improve Image Loading on Your Website

In the video embedded below, Jen Simmons explains how to improve image loading by using width and height attributes. The issue is that there’s a lot of jank when an image is first loaded because an img will naturally have a height of 0 before the image asset has been successfully downloaded by the browser. Then it needs to repaint the page after that which pushes all the content around. I’ve definitely seen this problem a lot on big news … Read article “Do This to Improve Image Loading on Your Website”

Article

Centering a div That Maintains Aspect-Ratio When There’s Body Margin

Andrew Welch had a little CSS challenge the other day to make an ordinary div:

• centered vertically + horizontally
• scales to fit the viewport w/ a margin around it
• maintains an arbitrary aspect ratio
• No JS

There’s a video in that tweet if it helps you visualize the challenge. I saw Paul Bakaus blogging about this the other day, too, so it’s a thing that comes up! … Read article “Centering a div That Maintains Aspect-Ratio When There’s Body Margin”

Article

Oh Hey, Padding Percentage is Based on the Parent Element’s Width

I learned something about percentage-based (%) padding today that I had totally wrong in my head! I always thought that percentage padding was based on the element itself. So if an element is 1,000 pixels wide with padding-top: 50%, that padding is 500 pixels. It’s weird having top padding based on width, but that’s how it works — but only sorta. The 50% is based on the parent element’s width, not itself. That’s the part that confused me. … Read article “Oh Hey, Padding Percentage is Based on the Parent Element’s Width”

Article

Responsive Iframes

Say you wanted to put the CSS-Tricks website in an <iframe></iframe>. You’d do that like this:

<iframe src="https://css-tricks.com"></iframe>

Without any other styling, you’d get a rectangle that is 300×150 pixels in size. That’s not even in the User Agent stylesheet, it’s just some magical thing about iframes (and objects). That’s almost certainly not what you want, so you’ll often see width and height attributes right on the iframe itself (YouTube does this).

<iframe 
  width="560"
  height="315"
  src="https://css-tricks.com"></iframe>

Those attributes are … Read article “Responsive Iframes”

Article

The Fight Against Layout Jank

A web page isn’t locked in stone just because it has rendered visually. Media assets, like images, can come in and cause the layout to shift based on their size, which typically isn’t known in fluid layouts until they do render. Or fonts can load and reflow layout. Or XHRs can bring in more content to be placed onto the page. We’re always doing what we can to prevent the layout from shifting around — that’s what I mean … Read article “The Fight Against Layout Jank”