Kindergarten

First Grade

Second Grade

Third Grade

Fourth Grade

Fifith Grade

**Reading**The student…

- decodes words to clarify pronunciation, uses context clues and predicting to construct meaning
- develops vocabulary by reading independently and using resources and references
- monitors reading on or above grade level by adjusting reading rate summarizing and checking other sources
- identifies examples of fact, fiction or opinion
- reads and organizes information from reference materials to write a research report or perform other tasks
- demonstrates knowledge of and supply use of graphic organizers/thinking maps to organize information in all
- content areas
- uses strategies to determine meaning and increase vocabulary (ex. Homonyms, prefixes, suffixes, word-origins, multiple meanings, antonyms, and synonyms)
- identifies, classifies and demonstrates knowledge of words from a variety of categories an or above grade level
- determines the main idea and connects ideas with relevant supporting details
- describes how the author’s purpose and perspective influence the text
- knows characteristics of persuasive text
- understands comparison and contrast, cause-and-effect and sequence of events

**Writing**The student will…

- write a 5 paragraph essay (Narrative and Expository) with correct punctuation and proper sentence structure
- write using the writing process consisting of six traits; ideas, organization, word choice, sentence fluency, voice, and conventions

**Mathematics**

**Number Sense, Concepts, and Operations**

The student…

- reads, writes and identifies decimals through thousandths
- reads, writes and identifies whole numbers, fractions, and mixed numbers
- uses symbols to compare and order whole numbers, fractions, percents, and decimals
- explains the relationship between the decimal number system and other number systems
- demonstrates the inverse feature of multiplication and division
- uses strategies to estimate quantities of one thousand or more
- expresses a whole number as a product of its prime factors
- knows that place value relates to powers of 10
- translates problem situations into diagrams, models or numerals
- multiplies common fractions and decimals to hundredths
- determines the operations needed to solve one and two-step problems
- finds factors of numbers to determine if they are prime or composite
- determines the greatest common factor and the least common multiple of two numbers
- applies rules of divisibility and identifies perfect squares to 144

**Algebraic Thinking**The student…

- describes, extends, creates, predicts and generalizes or eliminates the numerical and geometric patterns
- analyzes number patterns and states the rule
- uses a variable to represent a given verbal expression
- identifies and explains numerical relationships and patterns using algebraic symbols
- models and solves a number sentence with a missing addend
- translates equations into verbal and written problems

**Measurement**The student…

- develops formulas for determining perimeter, area and volume
- classifies and measures (ex., acute, obtuse, right or straight) and measures circumference
- compares length, weight, and capacity using customary and metric units
- measures dimensions, weight, mass and capacity using correct units
- estimates length, weight, time, temperature and money for solving problems
- solves problems for determining perimeter, area and volume
- determines whether a solution needs an accurate or estimated measurement
- uses multiplication and division to convert units to measure
- uses schedules, calendars and elapsed time to solve problems
- estimates area, perimeter, and volume of a rectangular prism
- selects appropriate unit and tool for measuring

**Geometry**** and Spatial Sense**The student…

- knows and identifies symmetry, congruency, and reflections in geometric figures
- describes properties of and draws two and three-dimensional figures
- applies and compares the concept of area, perimeter, and volume
- knows how to identify, locate and plot ordered pairs of whole numbers on a graph
- knows the relationship between points, lines, line segments, rays and planes
- knows the effect of a flip, slide or turn on a geometric figure
- knows the effect on area and perimeter when figures are combined, rearranged, enlarged or reduced

**Data Analysis and Probability**The student…

- selects the appropriate graph for data
- chooses titles, labels, scales, and intervals for organizing data on a graph
- completes and interprets circle graphs using common fractions or percents
- uses technology to examine data and construct labeled graphs
- uses a model to represent all possible outcomes for a probability situation
- explains and predicts outcomes that are most likely to occur and tests the predictions
- interprets and compares information from different types of graphs
- generates questions, collects responses and displays data on a graph
- identifies range, median, mean and mode
- uses computer-generated spreadsheets to record and display data
- uses a model to represent all possible outcomes for a probability situation
- designs a survey to collect and display data on a complete graph
- uses statistical data to predict trends and make generalizations

**Science**

**The Nature of Science**

The student…

- identifies and explains the reasons for documenting scientific activities
- identifies, explains, and describes, or applies the scientific process (i.e., accurately reporting and analyzing data, reaching logical conclusions that reflect the data, repeating investigations for validity, asking new questions, and communicating results
- knows to compare and contrast observations and results is an essential skill in science
- identifies ways in which people impact others, including inventions and discoveries
- knows that data are collected and interpreted in order to explain an event or concept
- knows that before a group of people build something or try something new, they should determine how it may affect other people
- knows that through the use of science processes and knowledge, people can solve problems, make decisions, and form new ideas
- identifies how the scientific method affects progress

**Processes that Shape the Earth**The student…

- knows that larger rocks can be broken down into smaller rocks, which in turn can be broken down to combine with organic material to form soil
- knows that 75% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water
- identifies the factors that alter the surface of Earth over short and long periods of time
- knows that some changes in the Earth’s surface are due to slow processes and some changes are due to rapid processes.

**The Nature of Matter**The student…

- identifies properties and uses appropriate tools (e.g., rulers, balances, thermometers) to determine the properties of materials (e.g., density and volume)
- identifies different materials made by physically combining substances and/or identifies similarities and differences between mixtures and solutions

**Force and Motion**The student…

- knows that an object may move in a straight line at a constant speed, speed up, slow down, or change direction dependent on net force acting on the object
- knows that the more massive an object is, the less effect a given force has
- identifies the net force acting on an object and describes the motion of that object

**Energy**The student…

- knows how to trace the flow of energy in a system (e.g., as in an ecosystem)
- identifies the source of energy by their source and properties
- knows that most things that emit light also emit heat
- knows the many ways in which energy can be transformed from one type to another
- knows that various forms of energy can be measured in ways that make it possible to determine the amount of energy that is transformed
- knows ways that heat can move from one object to another

**Earth and Space**The student…

- identifies and describes how the position of Earth in relation to the Sun impacts Earth and knows the effects of energy available to organisms
- identifies factors that change the amount of sunlight reflected from the moon to the Earth

**Processes of Life**The student…

- knows that living things are different but share similar structures
- knows that living things compete in a climatic region with other living things and that structural adaptations make them fit for the environment
- identifies factors that benefit or slow down the development of different organisms in an ecosystem
- identifies and explains the process and importance of photosynthesis
- identifies characteristics of an organism that increases its probability of reproducing
- knows that the human body is made of systems with structures and functions that are related
- identifies the effects that changes in habitat have on organisms

**Social Studies**The student…

- study United States History through 1865, starting with the human migration to North America and ending with the conclusion for the Civil War