you already know how to get single post result. you can go from there.
1. title and post excerpt of next article, you can use query_posts again to get next post content. it is possible to get next post image thumbnail, if you set it as featured image.
2. like a post feature, if you plan to do it yourself, you have to put custom field
on post, to store like count on that post. trigger on click to add new count . someone may already solved this. you may want to search for plugin first.