On the front page, the content is written by using this code:
This seems to strip the content from some tags, if you look in the source code of your page you’ll see that there’s not even any UL or LI tags anymore.
Not sure if this a plugin or part of your theme, but if you replace it with:
(like it is in your single post template), you should be fine.
(BTW, the blue font on black background is a little hard on the eyes)