I know servers can be hacked, but that is beyond my jurisdiction. My host will have to take care of that.
Well, I started searching about whether a static website could be hacked and I landed here: https://www.mavitunasecurity.com/
I downloaded their free website scanner. I installed it and entered my url. What the software does is to try to hack your website. It’s like penetration testing. The exercise lasted nearly an hour and I washed as the software was unleashing these attacks:
SQL Injection (Blind)
Local File Inclusion
Remote File Inclusion
HTTP Header Injection
Remote Code Evaluation
Web App Fingerprint
RoR Code Execution
on the website. I actually received about 300 junk emails from the software during the exercise. And I found out that the html5 ‘require’ was actually bypassed in some cases because I actually received an empty messages which shouldn’t have gone through ordinarily. After, the exercise, the website remained intact.
I guess the reason is because the form data actually will be sent to a gmail account and not to a database. I think gmail actually prevented the software from hacking the website.
Well, I am becoming more concerned now about web security. I will really like to learn how to tighten up websites and databases from malicious attackers.
> I know servers can be hacked, but that is beyond my jurisdiction. My host will have to take care of that.
You asked if your site could be hacked. We replied that it could. Who cares whose jurisdiction it is?
> I downloaded their free website scanner. I installed it and entered my url.
If you do that kind of stuff, I wouldn’t just say that your site CAN be hacked, but it probably WILL be, sooner or later.
> Well, I am becoming more concerned now about web security. I will really like to learn how to tighten up websites and databases from malicious attackers.
Don’t install free website scanning software would be a good start!
>I found out that the html5 ‘require’ was actually bypassed in some cases
…as I said earlier, **nothing** you give to the client is “secure.”
#####Never Trust user Input.
Here’s something else to think about in terms of security. Do you have a private server? If you’re on shared hosting, **there is no security**. You’re wide open.
> I found out that the html5 ‘require’ was actually bypassed in some cases
For example if the browser doesn’t support `require`, so use JS fallback. Even if the browser supports it, you can strip the `require` tag with the element inspector. Even with JS, you can strip that rather easily. Even if not, there are other ways to generate a POST request then using your form at all.
Don’t use client side validation *only*. Always validate on the server.
>I don’t agree. Shared hosting is secure but you have to choose the right host not those $1 hosts. Media temple has shared hosting (which I use) and I’m sure it’s secure enough.
There _are_ solutions, but most hosts (MT included) don’t implement them at the “shared” level because of the processing expense. You need a [virtual] private server if you want security. On a shared host, for example, using mod_php, Apache runs all of its php processes under the same user. Getting the complete contents of another customer’s website scripts is trivial (for example, with [glob()](http://php.net/glob)). The same approach can get active user sessions, even database backups, etc., from the `tmp/` directory (a good reason not to use `tmp/`).
Hacking your site is as easy as getting on the same server (as AlenAbdula says, _someone_ on your server is running a vulnerable site – it’s practically guaranteed).
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